Drug Rehab for Cocaine Addiction
Drug Rehab for Cocaine Addiction
Addiction is a complex disease that we’ve only just begun to understand. Over the course of decades, we’ve learned that addiction is a chronic relapsing brain disease that affects virtually every aspect of an individual’s health and life. But to further complicate things, there’s much variation between different types of addiction, whether we’re talking cocaine addiction or another form of chemical dependency. With cocaine addiction in particular, recovery is possible so long as the individual seeks treatment at a cocaine rehab center.
Since one form of addiction can be quite different from most others, let’s take a moment to consider cocaine dependency and the treatment of cocaine addiction.
- How does cocaine rehab work?
- Are there medications used to treat cocaine addiction?
- Will a health insurance plan cover the cost of cocaine rehab?
- Does cocaine rehab actually work?
Cocaine is an incredibly dangerous drug which is quite different from drugs like alcohol and heron. Drugs like heroin and alcohol have depressant-like effects — meaning they slow the functioning of the central nervous system — cocaine stimulates the body, causing the central nervous system and all other bodily systems to speed up. Since the high from cocaine lasts for a short time, users have been known to get caught in four-day coke binges or more – taking the drug repeatedly at higher doses.
As a result, cocaine use is known to cause such effects as an increase in body temperature, increased heart rate, and elevated blood pressure. When an individual abuses cocaine frequently over a prolonged period of time, the body becomes acclimated to the fact that cocaine is constantly stimulating the central nervous system. If the individual becomes unable to obtain or use cocaine for even a relatively brief amount of time, he or she will likely experience discomfort as part of cocaine withdrawal. As dosages or frequency of use increases, so does the risk of adverse psychological effects such as panic attacks, paranoia, and hallucinations. For one that is addicted, it can be especially difficult to stop without going to a cocaine rehab.
How Cocaine Rehab Works
There are many factors of addiction that are similar, however there are certain distinctions to make between cocaine addiction and other forms of substance abuse. Cocaine addiction is a complex problem because of the changes it causes in the brain and can cause multiple problems within families. It’s these distinctions that make cocaine rehab a vital resource for a successful recovery.
If you are addicted to cocaine and looking for help, cocaine rehab centers can provide you with the best chance at beating your addiction. Cocaine rehab will offer medical expertise and counseling in a safe and fully-staffed setting one may not be able to find elsewhere. While there, experts will advise proper nutrition and medications needed to detox, and the initial phase will allow time needed to become healthy once again.
Inpatient VS Outpatient
Successful treatment options may include both inpatient and outpatient care. Inpatient treatment can occur over periods of 30, 60 or 90 days. Longer treatment may be needed for patients struggling with a more advanced addiction. At inpatient facilities, round-the-clock care is received and the patient is monitored at all times. This gives the individual the opportunity to receive medical care as well as help with brain chemistry and social problems that may arise when cocaine use is stopped. Outpatient treatment varies by location. Some are more intensive and occur daily, where patients live from home and commute to and from the facility. Other outpatient centers may be offer more than drug education and counseling such as experimental therapy.
Treatment at cocaine treatment facilities will always be private and confidential. These centers want you to be as worry-free as possible during your stay. Keeping your stay private should ease your mind about people in the general public finding out about your treatment.
What Will Happen?
Once an individual has made the decision to take action and admit to a facility, a certain number of things will happen. During intake, the patient will be evaluated both physically and psychologically to determine if there are any further medical problems. Questions will be asked in regards to the frequency, amount, and duration of cocaine use as well as any additional drug use. Mental issues will be assessed to determine whether there may be any underlying issues such as depression or anxiety. It is important for a person to be honest during this process, so that one may receive the best care possible.
After a patient has been admitted, the new few days they will go through detox. During this time, they will receive medical attention, nutritious food, and plenty of rest. Since an individual will experience withdrawal symptoms upon abruptly ceasing the intake of cocaine, this phase cleanses the patient’s body and is designed to help him or her to overcome physiological cocaine dependency. Over the course of cocaine detoxification — which typically lasts a period of between three days and a week — the individual stabilizes and becomes ready to begin the treatment phase of recovery.
After detox, the individual will participate in therapy. This is the second phase of cocaine rehab, where ultimately the person will learn how to change their life. During this phase, an individual will participate in intensive psychotherapy and individual counseling. The idea is to help the patient discover the underlying causes or factors that contributed to the development of his or her cocaine addiction. By having a clear understanding of these causes, the individual is in a better position to overcome his or her addiction. Additionally, they will find ways to compensate for the underlying factors to minimize the likelihood of relapse in the future.
Beyond individual counseling, patients will receive group therapy. Group therapy is a form of therapy wherein multiple patients participate in treatment that is led by one or more therapists. Typically, group therapy involves psycho-education – meaning that the patient is learning about addiction, life skills, relapse prevention, etc. – or interpersonal groups – forms of therapy in which the primary goals pertain to refining socials skills, and building or repairing relationships. The patient will also receive plenty of time to exercise and eat well in order to heal their entire body.
What Medications Are Used to Treat Cocaine Addiction?
While there are certain forms of addiction where the use of medication can be an integral and necessary part of the recovery process, there are no FDA approved medications that serve a similarly vital function in an individual’s recovery from cocaine addiction. For instance, Suboxone — a medication containing buprenorphine and naloxone — is sometimes used during the detoxification stage of opioid addiction recovery; however, being that cocaine is a stimulant rather than an opioid or depressant, any medications that might be used would likely be in a minor capacity.
The reason that detoxification is an important step in the addiction recovery process is because it affords a patient a period of time to overcome the physical effects of stopping using cocaine, ensuring that he or she isn’t trying to deal with withdrawal symptoms while participating in individual counseling, group therapy, and other treatments. Since the experience of withdrawal would hinder a patient’s ability to concentrate on and benefit from these treatments, detoxification is a necessary first step; however, individuals who suffer from a more intense cocaine addiction or who have been addicted to cocaine for an exceptionally long period of time might need the aid of certain medications to alleviate withdrawal symptoms, affording them a level of comfort as they detox.
During detoxification, there are a few types of medications that might be used to mitigate withdrawal symptoms from cocaine use. One of the most common types of medications used for such a purpose is muscle relaxants, which address more physical symptoms of cocaine withdrawal — such as physical discomfort in limbs and joints, muscle spasms, etc. — to allow the individual to relax. Similarly, sedatives and hypnotic medications can be used to help patients sleep at night. If the patient is experiencing more severe withdrawal symptoms — including agitation and irritability, mood swings, racing thoughts, paranoia, etc. — a more potent medication such as some type of benzodiazepine may be necessary. The ultimate goal of using medication as part of treatment at a cocaine rehab is to provide as much comfort to patients as possible, allowing them to better focus on their recovery.
Does Insurance Cover Cocaine Addiction Treatment?
With the passing of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act in 2011, substance abuse treatment has become an essential health benefit that’s covered by many government and private health insurance plans. As such, most individuals who need treatment at a cocaine rehab are eligible for their insurance plans to cover most of the cost or perhaps even the entire cost of treatment.
What If I Don’t Have Insurance?
In cases where an individual may not have health coverage, there are still plenty of options to fund treatment for cocaine rehab. Many facilities offer flexible payment options such as subsidized or need-based pricing. Additionally, select facilities may offer subsidized or need-based pricing with the ability for patients to pay for treatment in monthly installments. There are even institutions that offer financing options meant specifically for addiction treatment. While a life doesn’t have a price tag, individuals who are in need of treatment for cocaine addiction have several options available to make cocaine rehab affordable and accessible.
Does Cocaine Rehab Actually Work?
To best understand how cocaine rehab works, it’s necessary to take a moment and explain some of the more specific effects that cocaine has on the brain.
When an individual uses cocaine, the drug reaches the brain and causes an immense imbalance in the individual’s neuro-chemistry. Cocaine causes a flood of dopamine, which is a neurotransmitter associated with feelings of happiness and pleasure. When this happens naturally, individuals experience short bursts of dopamine to cause pleasant feelings. However, cocaine unnaturally boosts dopamine levels in the brain. As the brain adjusts to having elevated dopamine levels much of the time, it builds up a tolerance to the brain – causing a higher dosage of cocaine to receive the same effects. The individual begins to experience discomfort when he or she is unable to consume cocaine, which is how withdrawal symptoms occur.
During cocaine rehab, a main goal is to help a patient overcome cocaine addiction.
The detoxification period sees the patient’s neuro-chemistry stabilize while brain re-acclimates to normal dopamine levels. At this point, he or she will be experiencing little to no physical withdrawal symptoms. If an individual were to attempt to detox on his or her own, it’s often the case that the intensity of untreated withdrawal symptoms serve as strong motivation to continue using cocaine rather than to endure the withdrawal symptoms. In other words, cocaine rehab helps individuals to stop using cocaine without being coerced into continued use of the drug due to the experience of untreated withdrawal.
As vital as the detox process is for cocaine addiction, the treatment phase of recovery in treatment is equally important if the individual wants to develop a stable and healthy life free of cocaine. During treatment, patients learn why they developed their cocaine addictions. Moreover, the various other forms of treatment that comprise a cocaine rehab program ensure that patients return to their communities with practical strategies and coping skills to safeguard their newfound sobriety. These tools include being able to effectively manage stress, avoid and navigate destructive relationships, and even hone practical skills like financial and career management.
At a cocaine rehab, the ultimate goal is to not only help patients get sober but to help them learn how to maintain their sobriety for the long-term.
No matter what, it is important to understand that it is never too late to get help. Even if an individual has gone through the grueling and painstaking process of addiction, there is still much life to live – sober. An addiction is a physical disease that requires treatment to get better. Additionally, it is important for the person to be ready to enter treatment. While it is not necessary for treatment to be voluntary to work, the more willing a person is to participate, the more likely it will be effective. Once the person admits he or she has a problem with cocaine and want to fix it, that person is ready for cocaine rehab.